Youth and Entrepreneurship (Article published in Eleftheros Typos 25.09.2014)
Youth and Entrepreneurship
The numbers are unabated: one in two young people in Greece are unemployed. them Many of those with university degree. What is the future for them? People – even the more- who and are not absorbed right or left are looking for an occupation unrelated to their studies, abroad. More than the 50% of unemployed are looking for job opportunities, in countries of Europe or America or further to Australia, to New Zealand etc.. This is a real scientific potential bleeding of the country. The best minds leave the country. How does stop this, which deprives our country of innovative and talented personalities? For decades and especially after 1981 the mentality that prevailed from the family and from our political action was to find a job opportunity in a public sector in order to have financial stability. The public sector so slowly – slowly replace the possibility of inspiration and creativity of youth. Thus the civic sector services slowly and steadily substituted the youth’s ability to create and inspire. The public sector diminished the ability of research and innovation, the dynamics of progress, through eloquent over protectionism of itself and pushed otherwise young minds into premature aging in mentality and creativity. The recent economic and social crisis that we are still living pointed at the issues and proven the problems many times over. Hence the return to Public Sector mentality will not help in avoiding the migration of valuable young scientific or skilled personnel. As a result any high tone from the Opposition party(ies) that support the return to Public Sector mentality carries vast responsibility since in the name of vote hunting and election winning it employs the danger of populism. Reduction of public sector on the other hand drives towards entrepreneurship. This must be first and foremost in the qualitative parameters of getting the country out of the crisis. Reducing public free support the government must invest in upgrading public sector skills. Providing funds for the acquisition of new skills. Creating skilled personnel. Providing jobs for these skilled in the market. The purpose of skilled training has to be a one way street for structural changes in the country. By placing emphasis on the industries of manufacturing, tourism, institutional functions of cultural and international relations as well as manual labor trades, we can bypass the ‘culture‘ of the university degree (our country’s cultural plague) to the ‘culture‘ of specialized labor. Mentality change is needed. This must be grow from the family, school and educational environments. First role and support must be given to businesses with special loans targeted to internship education. Entrepreneurship must contribute to change of mentality. Businesses and businessmen cannot be blamed as the opposition party of SYRIZA claims. It’s not logical to put everybody in the same position in a generalized application of Marxist theory and be blamed constantly as people oppressors. This is populism at its worst. We cannot bring up our children with these ideas. Already at school level we should include special courses with information on businesses creative actions, gear them towards entrepreneurship. Only thus innovation and research will be assisted. In return businesses must provide special budget for innovative actions. It would be helpful for students and school to visit businesses and distinguished businessman. School education can do that. Through cultural change and relevant educational reforms emphasis can be placed in the idea of of “contract project” in other words a labour contract that will be terminated with the end of each project undertaken. Thus the way to credits and development is paved. It allows mobility and flexibility of actions. As a result the youth instead of leaving the country will stay and prosper.